Retinoids are a class of synthetic and naturally occurring Vitamin A compounds and derivatives that include retinol and retinoic acid, which are used in skin care due to their potency in preventing the signs of aging. Here's why they're often recommended:
Promotes Cell Turnover: Retinoids help promote skin cell turnover, meaning they stimulate the process of shedding dead skin cells and generating new ones. This can help brighten the skin and reduce the appearance of age spots.
Boosts Collagen Production: Collagen, a protein that helps maintain skin's elasticity and strength, decreases in production as we age. Retinoids can help boost collagen production, reducing the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines.
Unclogs Pores: By promoting skin cell turnover, retinoids can also help unclog pores, making them useful for treating acne and improving skin clarity.
Evens Out Skin Tone: By promoting faster cell turnover, retinoids can help reduce the appearance of dark spots and pigmentation, leading to a more even skin tone.
Improves Skin Texture: Regular use of retinoids can help smoothen skin, giving it a softer, more youthful texture.
While retinoids can be extremely beneficial, they are potent compounds and can cause skin irritation, especially in higher concentrations and in people with sensitive skin. This can include redness, dryness, and flaking. It's typically recommended to start with a lower-strength retinoid and gradually increase the strength as your skin builds tolerance. Retinoids also increase the skin's sensitivity to sunlight, so it's crucial to use sun protection while using these products. As always, when starting a new skincare product or routine, it's best to consult with a dermatologist.